27 02 2015
How To Get Rid of Meniere’s Disease
Not all illnesses bind you to the bed or take a toll on your physical attributes, but they can be painful to cope with nonetheless. Meniere’s disease is an ailment that affects the inner ear in the human body. It leads to spontaneous and recurring episodes of vertigo. The victims also get subjected to fluctuating hearing loss and a strange ringing sensation in ear. Additionally, they can feel a sensation of fullness inside their ear. The ailment was named after Prosper Meniere, a French physician. It can affect 2 in every 1000 persons, on an average.
The disorder generally affects people who are over 40 but instances of its onset in kids are not unheard of either. Generally deemed as a chronic condition, Meniere’s disease can be dealt with various treatment strategies and home based remedies, along with specific medications.
The Cause of Meniere’s Disease
The real cause of this ailment is yet to be discovered. However, medical experts think it is triggered by anomaly in generation of fluid in the inner ear. Most of the patients feel the symptoms in one ear, but a few can also suffer in both ears. Both genders are affected by it equally.
Main Symptoms of Meniere’s Disease
Below listed are major symptoms of Meniere’s disease:
- Frequent attacks of vertigo which can last from 15 minutes to an entire day.
- Loss of hearing capacity with varying intensity.
- Increased pressure in the ear
- Tinnitus/ perception of buzzing and ringing in ear
- Loss of body balance
Some patients can also suffer from nausea and vomiting. They can also suffer from sleeping anomalies.
Treatment Options For Meniere’s Disease
Sadly, here is no cure available for Meniere’s disease. However, usage of specific medication, along with preventive therapies and changes in lifestyle can prove to be of great help to the victims.
- Medications – The doctors recommend using Anti-nausea medications and Motion sickness medications to help patients cope with main symptoms of the ailment. Additionally, specialized medications are given for reducing fluid retention in the body.
Some medications like dexamethasone (steroid) and Gentamicin (antibiotic) may be injected to the affected person’s inner ear. These can be administered after giving the person local anesthesia. The latter is used sparingly since its application can lead to enhanced risk of further hearing loss.
- Noninvasive Procedures, Therapies – People suffering from Meniere’s disease also benefit from using hearing aids and resorting to vestibular rehabilitation therapy. Using a Meniett pulse generator can also be useful for the patients, though its efficacy in the long run remains to be proven.
- Surgical Procedures – For victims suffering from strong and recurring attacks of vertigo, surgical interventions can bring some relief. The procedures are:
- Vestibular nerve section
- Endolymphatic sac procedures
Home Remedies And Lifestyle Changes
Like many other ailments that lack specific cure, Meniere’s disease can be dealt with some lifestyle changes and home remedies.
- Sitting or lying down on bed helps when you have dizziness and attack of vertigo. Take some time before returning to any work.
- Refraining from drinking water or any fluid to prevent vomiting.
- Using a walking stick can be helpful if you feel like the attacks are making you lose balance.
- You should avoid cycling or driving a car.
Making changes in diet and eating habits, including taking foods that help reduce fluid retention in body and ear can help. You can:
- Reduce use of salt in foods.
- Reduce consumption of alcohol.
- Avoid eating foods made with monosodium glutamate.
- Avoid drinking coffee and beverages that contain caffeine. It has been found that caffeine can actually worsen the feeling of tinnitus.
Some lifestyle changes can also help you cope with symptoms of Meniere’s disease better, say the doctors:
- You can avoid tobacco and nicotine as far as possible.
- You can resort to with measures that can reduce stress and anxiety. Meditation and yoga can help reduce stress to an extent.
- By controlling exposure to allergens you can ensure the symptoms of the ailment get reduced.
- You may get better results by controlling factors that lead to the development of migraine. Research indicates migraine is related to development of Meneire’s disease.